There is an abundance of research regarding roadway and runway safety, particularly in regards to and the effect of inclement or hazardous weather on surface conditions, especially in winter operations. Regardless of method, preventative measures taken to increase those surface characteristics (such as optimization of pavement/tire interaction) have been shown to reduce accidents due to weather confditions. Over the last 10 years, anti-icing and pre-wetting of pavement surfaces have grown in popularity because of their ability to mitigate ice formation on pavement surfaces during moderate to extreme weather events.
Specifically, Fixed Automatic Spray Technology (FAST) systems and anti-icing systems have been shown to reduce the quantity of de-icing fluids and salts that would otherwsise typically be applied in these situations, including up to a 75% reduction in the manpower and equipment needs to do it the "traditional" way. Currently, systems already in place have been shown to reduce crashes significantly on bridge decks, as well as accidents in parking lots and even for people walking on sidewalks. Airports, seeing the benefits in these systems, are curently exploring their options to integrate already existing preventative measures with Runway Weather Information Systems (RWIS) for complete and comprehensive airfield pavement monitoring in any weather circumstances. The information continues to come in, and RWIS and FAST systems are proving their worth in multiple applications.